Nuclear fission currently provides 20% of UK electricity and is widely seen as a key part of the "trinity" of future fuel options for the UK, alongside renewables and clean coal.
Research challenges in this area include legacy waste clean-up, decommissioning and disposal, technological challenges for the current planned new nuclear build, and future (generation IV) technologies. These challenges include not only science and engineering, but also the environmental, social and economic aspects and how these influence regulation and policy. A further challenge is ensuring the sufficient capacity of highly trained researchers.
Continuing support in this area is critical to the continued development of new nuclear build and its potential as a key component in delivering the UK's low carbon economy.