Conventional and unconventional power generation
Around 80 per cent of the world's power still comes from burning fossil fuels and the use of fossil fuels is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. There is a clear need to make this process more efficient, to maximise the energy output, decrease carbon dioxide emissions and reduce the environmental impact.
One method of doing this is through Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), a process that captures the carbon dioxide (CO2) generated from fossil fuel power stations and other energy intense industrial processes and stores it underground, stopping it from entering the atmosphere. We are also supporting research to consider alternative uses for the CO2 and in improving the combustion process to aid the extraction of CO2 from exhaust gases.
A long term carbon dioxide free alternative to fossil based power generation has yet to be established. The depleting reserves of fossil fuels and the greenhouse gases emitted from burning them make this a vital area for research. By funding further research into this area we aim to make conventional power generation more efficient and reduce its environmental impact.